Closer is the second and final studio album by the English post-punk band Joy Division, released on 18 July 1980, following the suicide of lead singer Ian Curtis two months earlier. When Closer came out, Sounds' Dave McCullough remarked that there were "dark strokes of gothic rock".
The album was originally scheduled to be released on 8 May 1980 (1980-05-08). The record was originally released on the Factory Records label as a 12" LP and reached #6 on the UK Albums Chart. It also peaked at #3 in New Zealand in September 1981. It claimed the number one slot on NME Album of the Year, and was included in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.
The album cover was designed by Martyn Atkins and Peter Saville, with photography from Bernard Pierre Wolff. The photograph on the cover is of the Appiani family tomb in the Cimitero Monumentale di Staglieno in Genoa, Italy, by Demetrio Paernio.
Closer, produced by Martin Hannett, features a sound which is both lusher and more sombre than the band's previous album, Unknown Pleasures, with more use of synthesizers and studio effects. Many of its songs have a despairing, funereal feel, and its cover art appears to reflect this, although